Divorce. Emotional abuse. Neglect. Natural disasters. Poverty. Separation. Violence. There are many causes of trauma. No one is safe from the experiences or a series of events when emotions overwhelm us and become part of the history stored in our autonomic nervous system. Most teachers will agree that they encounter students who display the behaviors caused severe trauma in their classrooms. These students may be anxious, have negative attitudes, be easily distracted, or even cause themselves harm.
Trauma is epidemic. In order to meet outcomes, show progress, and pass tests, teacher must help the learner engage with content. But before they can do that, it is important that teachers connect with the student and encourage them to engage with not only them, but also with their peers. Relationships are often the source of trauma, but they are also the way to treat it as well (Bailey). One way that teachers can build relationships with students is through books, stories, and essays.